Each element of your PC is important, since it directly affects its proper functioning, but if you had to choose between the essential components, the hard drive would undoubtedly be among the first places. Based on the fact that it is common for this part to fail, it is normal that you want know if your hard drive is damaged.
If you have begun to have suspicions of it, at TecVideos we help you to know exactly what the signs that confirm it are. Also, we present some solutions that you can try to repair it.
- 1 hard drive errors
- 2 How to check if a hard drive is damaged
- 3 How to repair a damaged hard drive
- 4 What to do if all else fails
hard drive errors
Something that characterizes hard drives is that they “warn” when they start to fail. There are different reasons why errors can occur in them, such as malware, their time or improper treatment. These mistakes are demonstrated in different ways and in this section we show you the more common:
Hard drives are usually very sensitive to temperatures and incorporate a mechanical part that generates heat when working. If it gets too high, all of your other components are affected, including your engine.
Starting at 55 °C, the hard drive starts to fail and at 70 ° C it turns off by itself. When this happens, and as expected, the PC also stops working.
Hard drive is not detected
It is possible that BIOS or operating system fail to detect the hard drive. This error can happen for a variety of reasons, including:
- The SATA port belonging to the motherboard has been damaged.
- The SATA port located on the hard drive is damaged.
- The SATA cable is damaged.
- The electrical current supplied by the power supply is not sufficient for the hard drive.
Constant sudden shutdowns
If the computer restarts or shuts down unexpectedly, the consequences are not long in being noticed. These types of actions start producing different errors like corrupted files inside the drive. However, there is a more serious problem when these errors occur.
When the power supply is suddenly interrupted, the reading heads make contact with the disc surface and scratch it. When this happens, the drive makes clicking or scratching noises when it starts up. This shows that the head cannot be placed on the boot sector.
If you pour some kind of fluid or liquid on the drive, it will almost certainly stop working. On the other hand, if it falls or hits, there is a risk that the latos or the reading heads are misaligned. When this happens, the disk will stop working and become unusable.
Likewise, if disc seals break for some reason, dust will get inside and stop its functions.
How to check if a hard drive is damaged
The evidence or signs that your hard drive has been damaged are usually quite obvious. Sometimes they are based on simple evidence that indicates the fact that there is a flaw in it.
Pay attention to noises
Yes you start to hear strange noises, like screeches, may mean it’s already too late for your hard drive. Annoying noises often signal motor failure or head problems.
The data on your drive starts to disappear
Perhaps your computer does not allow you to save files or they simply disappear from it. Furthermore, it is possible that your programs stop working. In these cases, it is most likely that your hard drive is very close to failing.
Your PC does not recognize the disk
When this happens, you probably think that your computer is the one that is failing, but it is possible that it is the disk. To check this out, you can ask a friend to lend you theirs for comparison.
Usually this due to a logical erroralthough it also involves mechanical or head problems.
Your computer begins to crash
PC screen turns blue, restarts suddenly or fails during system boot. These are all signs that your hard drive is showing damage.
Also, a damaged hard drive slows down computer operationmainly in your file explorer.
On Windows 10
Microsoft has a tool that allows check the integrity of a hard drive. It’s called WMIC and it makes it easy to manage computers. To find out the status of your hard drive, follow these steps:
- In the Windows search engine, enter the term “wmic” and execute the command by pressing Enter.
- A window will open with the line wmic:root cli>. Next, enter the command “diskdrive get status”.
Once you enter these terms, press the Enter button and observe the resultbeing one of these two:
- okay: The hard disk is in its optimal use.
- Default Fail: It is necessary to check the disk, as it is abnormal.
How to repair a damaged hard drive
Once you have confirmed that your hard drive is failing or has been damaged, you will surely want to repair it. For starters, avoid playing the technician yourself if you don’t have any technical knowledge. The best is go to professional repairmen instead of complicating the situation on your own.
The main recommendations when repairing a disk are somewhat varied and often not so complex.
Reinstall the disk driver
In case you use a external hard drive, connect it to another computer to check if it works well. In that case, reinstall drivers or drivers on your computer like this:
- In the Cortana search assistant, enter “Device Manager” and launch it.
- Click on the entry Disk drives.
- Select the failing drive by right clicking and choose Uninstall the device.
- Reboot your computer and reconnect the drive.
The most common is that the drivers start installing automatically. After the system restarts, you can check if your hard drive is working normally.
Make use of the CHKDSK utility
This utility is accessed in Windows 10 via command promptthus:
- In the Cortana search box enter “cmd” and select the app.
- In the window Symbol of the system enter “CHKDSK *: /f /r” and press enter.
The disc will be analyzed track by track in order to detect and correct problems in defective areas of the unit. Once you finish the repair, type “Exit” to close the window.
What to do if all else fails
In case you have tried different options and you are not able to repair the problems of your disk, you can format it. The problem is that this only fixes the bugs temporarily, plus you can lose all your data.
On the other hand, perhaps the damage to your hard drive is not software dependent, but physical. If so, the best option is install a new drive and avoid all the complications.
This option is even cheaper than trying to repair your old unit, a job that is quite expensive.
If you want to read more articles similar to How do I know if my hard drive is damaged?we recommend that you enter our Hardware category.